1. In terms of Entry 66 of List 1 of the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India, Parliament can make laws for the coordination and determination of standards in institutions for higher education for research, and technical and scientific associations. Parliament has enacted legislation for discharging this responsibility through the University Grants Commission (UGC) for overall Higher Education, the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) for Technical Education; and other Statutory bodies for different disciplines.
Higher Education Sector
As regards higher education, through the distance mode, Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) Act, 1985 was commissioned with the following two prime goals, among others: (a) To provide opportunities for higher education to a large section of population, especially disadvantaged groups living in remote and rural locations, adults, housewives and working individuals; and (b) to promote Open University and Distance Education Systems in the educational pattern of the nation and to organize and determine the criteria in such systems.
2. The foundation of distance education or learning through distance mode in India goes far back if the universities began offering instruction through distance mode from the title of Correspondence Courses by using their Directorate/School of Correspondence Education 代写. In these days, the classes from humanities and/or in trade were provided through correspondence and accepted by people, who, thanks to different reasons, such as limited number of chairs in regular classes, employability, issues of accessibility to the institutions of higher education etc., couldn’t get themselves registered in the traditional’face’ style’in-class’ programs.
3. In yesteryear, the requirement for higher education has improved enormously throughout the nation due to awareness about the importance of higher education, whereas the system of higher education couldn’t accommodate this increasing demand.
4. Under the conditions, several associations such as deemed universities, private schools, people (Government) universities and other associations, which aren’t permitted to award amounts, have begun cashing to the situation by providing distance education programmes at a high number of areas, which range from humanities to technology and direction etc., and at several levels (certification to under-graduate and post-graduate degrees). There’s always a risk that a number of those institutions may turn into’degree mills’ offering sub-standard/poor excellent schooling, thus eroding the credibility of levels and other credentials awarded via the space mode.
5. Government of India had explained its position in regard to recognition of levels, earned via the space mode, for employment beneath it vide Gazette Notification No. 44 outdated 1.3.1995.
6. Regardless of the dangers referred to in para 4 above, the importance of distance education in providing quality instruction and training can’t be ignored. Distance Mode of instruction has a significant function for:
(ii)supplying a chance to working professionals to upgrade their own knowledge, allowing them to switch over to new areas and careers and improving their own qualifications for career improvement.
(iii)harnessing the potential of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) at the learning and teaching process; and
(iv)attaining the goal of 15 percent of GER at the end of 11th Plan and 20 percent from the end of 12th five-year program.
7. To Be Able to release the Constitutional obligation of conclusion and maintenance of the criteria in Higher Education, by ensuring coordination among different statutory regulatory authorities and to ensure the marketing of distance and open education system in the country to meet the ambitions of cross-sections of individuals for higher education, the following policy in regard to distance learning is put down:
(a) so as to ensure appropriate coordination in law of standards of higher education in various areas through different ways [i.e. face to face and space ] and to guarantee authenticity of degrees/diploma and certifications awarded by Indian Colleges and other Education Institutes, an apex body, specifically, National Commission for Higher Education and Research will be established in accord with the recommendations of Prof. Yash Pal Committee/National Knowledge Commission.
Pending establishment of the body:
(I) Only these programs, which don’t involve extensive practical classwork, will be rearranged through the space mode.
(ii) Universities / institutions shall framework ordinances / regulations / rules, as the case might be, spelling out the outline of these programs to be provided via the distance mode signaling the amount of credits that are required, listing of classes with credits that are assigned, studying references as well as self learning content, hours of research, contact courses at research centers, assignments, evaluation and analysis procedure, evaluation etc..
(iii) DEC of IGNOU shall simply evaluate the proficiency of university/institute in regards to running distance education programs with a group of specialists, whose report will be put prior to the Council of DEC for consideration.
For your purpose, a minimal number of compulsory meetings of DEC might be prescribed.
(vi) UGC and AICTE will be led under section 20 (1) of their respective Actions to framework detailed regulations prescribing standards for a variety of programmes/courses, offered via the distance mode below their mandate,
(vii) No university/institute, except that the universities created by or under an Act of Parliament/State Legislature earlier 1985, will provide any program via the space mode, henceforth, without consent from DEC and certification by NBA. On the other hand, the universities/institutions currently supplying programs in Humanities, Commerce/Business/Social Sciences/Computer Sciences and Information Technology and Management, might be permitted to continue, subject to this requirement to acquire new approval from DEC and certification from NBA within a single year, failing which they will need to stop the program and the whole onus with regard to the academic profession and monetary losses of the pupils enrolled together, shall be on these institutions/universities.
(viii) In light of the monitoring of Apex Court, ex-post-facto approval given by any jurisdiction for space instruction will not be honored and allowed henceforth. On the other hand, the universities created by or under an Act of education programs at the flows of Humanities/Commerce/Social Sciences prior to the calendar year 1991 shall be deducted from this coverage.
(ix) The pupils who were given degrees through distance way by the universities without requiring prior approval of DEC and other statutory bodies, will be given an opportunity, provided they satisfy the need for minimum criteria as prescribed by the UGC, AICTE or some other applicable Statutory Authority through Legislation, to look in assessments in these newspapers as determined from the university designated to conduct the exam. If these pupils qualify within this exam, the college involved shall issue a certification. The amount together with the stated qualifying certification might be recognized for the use of employment/promotion beneath the Central Government.
(x) A clarification will be issued with regard to Gazette Notification No. 44 obsolete 1.3.1995 it will not be related to these degrees/diplomas given by the universities created by or under an Act of Parliament or State Legislature earlier 1985, at the flows of Humanities/Commerce and Social Sciences.
(b) All institutions and universities offering programs through the distance mode will have to have previous recognition/approval for supplying such programs and certification from a specified competent jurisdiction, mandatorily in regard to the programs provided by them. The violators the will be responsible for proper punishment as prescribed by legislation. The universities/institutions offering instruction through distance mode and discovered included with the refusal of students/people by providing wrong/false info or wilfully limiting the data shall also be managed strictly under the penal provisions of legislation enforcement.
(c) The universities/institutes will have their particular study centers for face to face counseling and elimination of issues and to seek out other administrative and academic aid. Franchising of space education by any college, institutions whether public or private shall not be permitted.
(d ) The schools/associations will only provide such programs through distance mode that are available on their campuses throughout the traditional manner. In the event of open schools, they will always have the essential departments and faculties before supplying relevant programs through distance mode.
(e) It would be compulsory for many schools and schooling institutions offering distance instruction to utilize Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in delivery of the programs, management of their student and university events via an internet portal or some other similar platform. The stated platform will automatically, display in public domain, the info concerning the statutory and other blessings together with other necessary details regarding the programs available through distance mode, their certification and pupils registered, year-wise, etc.. This could possibly be connected to a federal database, as and if created, to ease the stakeholders to have a perspective about the recognition of their amounts with the goal of academic exploration or job with/under them.
They will likewise be encouraged/required to embrace e-surveillance technologies for the behavior of clean, just and transparent assessments.
(g) The attention of distance education is to give the opportunity of instruction to individuals at educationally disadvantaged situations like residing in remote and rural locations, adults with limited or no access to the schooling of the choice, etc..
(h) so as to promote adaptive and demand-based instruction, the choice-based credit system will likely be encouraged and most of the ODE institutions will be invited to embrace this system and develop a mechanism for approval and transfer of credits of these courses successfully completed by pupils in face-to-face or space mode. For your purpose, the institution of a credit bank might be considered. Likewise, traditional universities, offering face to face style programs shall be invited to take the credits made by the pupils through distance mode. A change over from yearly to session system will likely be essential.
(I) A convergence of those face-to-face manners teaching sections of traditional universities using their distance education directorates/correspondence class wings as additionally with receptive universities/institutions offering distance instruction will be impressed on to bridge the difference in space and traditional face-to-face manner of schooling.
(j) Reputed Australian education providers nicely established, recognized and licensed by a competent authority in their country and prepared to provide their education programs in India will be permitted, subject to the satisfaction of their legal necessity of the nation.
(l) Efforts could be forced to make a favourable environment for study from the Open and Distance Education (ODE) method by establishing infrastructure such as e-libraries, electronic data-base, online journals, holding regular workshops, conferences, etc..
(m) training and orientation programs for teachers and administrators in the ODE system with a focus on the usage of ICT and also self-learning clinics shall be invited.
(n) ODE institutions will be invited to deal with the educational needs of students with disabilities and senior citizens.
(o) A formal telling clarifying the dilemma of comprehension of academic eligibility, made through distance mode, with the intention of employment, will be issued.
(de ) A mechanism will probably be put up for analysis of levels of overseas universities with the aim of academic pursuit in addition to for employment under the Central Government. This might include the evaluation of the credentials of the university involved and to check the proficiency of the amount holder, if necessary.